Temporomandibular joint dysfunction tmd tmjd is an umbrella term covering pain and dysfunction of the muscles of mastication the muscles that move the jaw and the temporomandibular joints the joints which connect the mandible to the skullthe most important feature is pain followed by restricted mandibular movement and noises from the temporomandibular joints tmj during jaw movement. Some estimates suggest that tmj disorders affect over 10 million americans these conditions appear to be more common in women than men back to top causes trauma to the jaw or temporomandibular joint plays a role in some tmj disorders but in most cases the exact cause of the condition is not clear. Temporomandibular disorders tmd is a collective term embracing a number of clinical problems that involve the chewing muscles the temporomandibular joint tmj and associated structures or both this is also called temporomandibular pain disorder syndrome by at least some. Temporomandibular disorders tmd are characterized by craniofacial pain involving the joint masticatory muscles or muscle innervations of the head and neck1 tmd is a major cause of nondental . Temporomandibular disorder is the second most common chronic musculoskeletal condition after chronic low back pain as pain related tmd can affect an individuals daily activities psychosocial functioning and quality of life it is important to accurately diagnose these complex musculoskeletal disorders to provide the best clinical care
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